Glossary - Bulgarian

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адаптация към изменението на климата

adaptation to climate change

The process of preparing to cope with living in a changing climate, e.g. increased rainfall , higher temperatures, scarce water, or more frequent storms.


изместване на въглеродни емисии

carbon leakage

The part of emission reductions in Annex B countries (countries that have their greenhouse gas emissions capped under the Kyoto Protocol) offset by an increase in emissions in non-constrained countries above their baseline levels.


пазар на въглеродни емисии

carbon market

Trading system through which countries may buy or sell units of greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to meet their national limits on emissions, either under the Kyoto Protocol or under other agreements, such as that among Member States of the European Union.


въглеродна компенсация

carbon offset

A unit of carbon dioxide equivalent that is reduced, avoided, or sequestered to compensate for emissions occurring elsewhere.


удостоверено намаление на емисии

certified emission reduction unit (CER)

Unit generated from a Clean Development Mechanism project activity, certifying an emission reduction of one tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent.


механизъм за чисто развитие

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Defined in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, a mechanism allowing a country with an emission reduction or emission limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Party) to implement an emission reduction project in developing countries.


изменение на климата

climate change

A change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.


смекчаване на последиците от изменението на климата

climate change mitigation

Action to reduce the net amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere, and thus help to slow down the process of climate change resulting from human activities.


период на задължения

commitment period

Five-year period in which the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol undertake to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


квота за емисии

emission allowance

Within the context of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), the entitlement to emit a tonne of carbon dioxide or an amount of any other greenhouse gas with an equivalent global warming potential during a specified period.


единица намаление на емисии

emission reduction unit (ERU)

Unit generated from a Joint Implementation activity, certifying an emission reduction of one tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent.


намаляване на емисиите

emissions reduction - emissions abatement

Reduction in emissions (e.g. of greenhouse gases).


търговия с квоти за емисии - търговия с емисии

emissions trading

A market-based approach to achieving environmental objectives that allows those reducing e.g. greenhouse gas emissions below what is required to use or trade the excess reductions to offset emissions at another source inside or outside the country.


схема за търговия с емисии на ЕС

EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)

Company-level 'cap-and-trade' system of allowances for emitting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, launched by the EU at the beginning of 2005.


Зелен фонд за климата

Green Climate Fund

Operating entity provided for under the Copenhagen Accord to support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing countries related to mitigation.


парников газ

greenhouse gas (GHG)

A gas, such as water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), that absorbs and re-emits infrared radiation, warming the Earth’s surface and contributing to climate change.


Междуправителствен комитет по изменение на климата

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

A scientific intergovernmental body established to provide decision-makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change.


съвместно изпълнение

Joint Implementation (JI)

Mechanism defined in Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol, which allows a country with an emission reduction or limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Party) to earn emission reduction units from an emission reduction or emission removal project in another Annex B Party, each equivalent to one tonne of carbon dioxide, which can be counted towards meeting its Kyoto target.


Протокол от Киото към Рамковата конвенция на Обединените нации по изменение на климата

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations - Framework Convention on Climate Change - Kyoto Protocol

An international agreement, linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits industrialised countries to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.


технология с ниски нива на въглеродни емисии

low-carbon technology

Technology which results in reduced emissions of carbon dioxide compared with conventional technology.


поглътител

sink

Any process, activity or mechanism which removes a greenhouse gas, an aerosol or a precursor of a greenhouse gas from the atmosphere.